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In 2016, the American Statistical Association (ASA) published a statement on p-values, saying that "the widespread use of 'statistical significance' (generally interpreted as 'p≤') as a license for making a claim of a scientific finding (or implied truth) leads to considerable distortion of the scientific process". [50] In 2017, a group of 72 authors proposed to enhance reproducibility by changing the p-value threshold for statistical significance from to . [51] Other researchers responded that imposing a more stringent significance threshold would aggravate problems such as data dredging ; alternative propositions are thus to select and justify flexible p-value thresholds before collecting data, [52] or to interpret p-values as continuous indices, thereby discarding thresholds and statistical significance. [53]

The best way to write a statistical report is to start with a 200-word abstract that includes your methods, results, and analysis. Follow the abstract with a concise introduction about why you did your research. Then, explain your research methods and report your findings. Finish your report with a conclusion that connects your findings to the bigger picture. Keep reading to learn how your report should be formatted!