Ronald Wilson Reagan ( 6 February 1911 – 5 June 2004 ) was an American politician and actor, who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. Prior to his presidency, he served as the 33rd Governor of California from 1967 to 1975, following a career as a Hollywood actor and union leader. He was the husband of Jane Wyman (1940–1949) and Nancy Davis (married in 1952).
Erle C. Ellis is an associate professor of geography and environmental systems at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, and a visiting associate professor at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design.
When first presented with the Monty Hall problem, an overwhelming majority of people assume that each door has an equal probability and conclude that switching does not matter ( Mueser and Granberg, 1999 ). Out of 228 subjects in one study, only 13% chose to switch ( Granberg and Brown, 1995:713 ). In her book The Power of Logical Thinking , Vos Savant (1996 , p. 15) quotes cognitive psychologist Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini as saying that "no other statistical puzzle comes so close to fooling all the people all the time," and "even Nobel physicists systematically give the wrong answer, and that they insist on it, and they are ready to berate in print those who propose the right answer." Pigeons repeatedly exposed to the problem show that they rapidly learn always to switch, unlike humans ( Herbranson and Schroeder, 2010 ).
Class aptent taciti sociosqu ad litora torquent per conubia nostra per inceptos himenaeos integer volutpat.